What Is globalization?
Is it the integration of economic,globalization definition political, and cultural systems across the globe? Or is it the dominance of developed countries in decision-making, at the expense of poorer, less powerful nations? Is globalization a force for economic growth, prosperity, and democratic freedom? Or is it a force for environmental devastation, exploitation of the developing world, and suppression of human rights? Does globalization only benefit the rich or can the poor take advantage of it to improve their well-being?
Because of the dominance of Western and Northern cultural, economic, and political ideologies in shaping globalization, some refer to the dominant form of it as “ globalization from above .” This phrase refers to the top-down model of globalization that is directed by the world’s elite. In contrast, the “alter-globalization” movement, composed of many of the world’s poor, working poor, and activists, advocates for a truly democratic approach to globalization known as “globalization from below.” Structured this way, the ongoing process of globalization would reflect the values of the world’s majority, rather than those of its elite minority.