How you summarize will partly depend on whether you are dealing with a narrative or an essay. The summary of a narrative is called a plot summary; it may be sequential or comprehensive. The former follows the order in which the main events are presented in the original work; the latter states the chief action of a book, and then gives the chain of events making up that action. The summary of an essay should begin by stating the main point of the essay as a whole, and then proceed to the chief supporting points. A good summary preserves the relative importance of each point mentioned, thus avoiding the overemphasis of any subordinate point. Paraphrasing is restating a short passage in your own words. When paraphrasing, be sure to acknowledge your source.